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NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social Science - Resources and Development

Last updated date: 27th Jun 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (Resources and Development) - Free PDF Download

Class 8 Social Sciences syllabus is designed to give students knowledge of how society works. The three pillars of History, Civics, and Geography are to allow the students to think clearly and understand clearly our past, present policies and future possibilities. Students can download the Class 8 Social Science Resource and Development PDF and kickstart their preparations for their upcoming final examinations. The free PDF is one of the few accurate and reliable study material available online. Every NCERT solution is prepared by teachers with years of experience in teaching. 

The objective of Resources and Development Class 8 PDF is to impart an in-depth understanding of topics and provide comprehensive explanations of the questions in the Geography textbook. Students can download the solutions of NCERT Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development here. You can also download NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Math and NCERT Solution for Class 8 Science to help you to revise the complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Detailed Overview of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development NCERT Solutions


NCERT Solutions for Class 8


Class 8 Social Science (Resources and Development)

Number of Chapters:


Content Type:

Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (Geography) - Chapter-wise List

Given below are the chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (Geography) Resources and Development. These solutions are provided by the Social Science experts at Vedantu in a detailed manner. Go through these chapter-wise solutions to be thoroughly familiar with the concepts.

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Class 8 Social Science NCERT Resources and Development Solutions - Free PDF download

The NCERT Textbook Solutions for Class 8 Resources and Development has been created to ensure that you have a clear understanding of the environment you live in. By using these solutions, written by the top subject matter experts, you will be able to get a clear idea about the resources we use, the industries we work in, and the sectors that our livelihood depends on. Through these chapter-wise solutions, you will be able to speed up your exam preparation. 

The experienced teachers have researched and used their knowledge to frame notes specifically covering every chapter. The concepts of a particular chapter have been explained concisely to help students build a strong foundation. They can follow the classroom sessions and figure out how to resolve their doubts by referring to these notes easily.

The compilation of these notes has been done following a particular format. This format systematically covers every topic one after the other to provide an organized representation of the entire chapter. This methodical representation assists students to cover one topic after the other and eventually complete preparing the chapter.


Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science

Chapter 1 - Resources

A resource is any object or substance that satisfies a need. Its usability or utility makes it a resource. There is some value or worth to every resource. In general, there are three categories of resources - Natural, Human, and Human-Made. From this chapter  students will also get to know about the following topics: Types of resources,The need for conservation of resources.Human-made resources. All these concepts are explored in this chapter.

List of Topics Covered Under The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science- Chapter 1 Resources

What is a Resource? 

Types of Resources: Renewable, Nonrenewable, Human, Human-made Resource

Conserving Resources


Chapter 2 - Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources

The lifestyle of people living in a certain place is influenced by the land, water, and the type of soil that is available in the region. Water, soil, and land are abiotic resources and wildlife and natural vegetation are biotic resources. In this chapter students will also learn about use of land, conservation of land resources, soil and its formations, water and Natural vegetation & wildlife, its distribution and conservation.You will be learning about these concepts in detail in this chapter.


List of Topics Covered Under The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science- Chapter 2 Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources


Land Uses and Conservation


Soil Formation 

Degradation of Soil and Conservation measures


Problems in water availability and Conservations

Natural vegetation and Wildlife

Distribution of Natural Vegetation

Conservation of Natural Vegetation and Wildlife


Chapter 3 - Mineral and Power Resources

India is known for its varied geological structure. The whole country is enriched with several different kinds of mineral resources. Minerals are not evenly distributed over but are scattered throughout the earth’s rocky crust. In this chapter, you will be learning about minerals and its types - metallic and non-metallic.


List of Topics Covered Under The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science- Chapter 3 Minerals and Power Resources 

What is Minerals

Types of Minerals

Distribution of Minerals

Conservation of Minerals

Power resources

Conventional sources

Non-conventional sources of Energy

Tidal Energy & Biogas

Chapter 4 - Agriculture

Agriculture involves growing crops, flowers, fruits, and vegetables, and rearing livestock. In fact, it employs more than half of the workforce of our country. More than 70% of the rural household depend on agriculture for their livelihood. In this chapter you will also learn about Nomadic herding,types of farming, Plantation, Major crops.You will learn more about Agriculture, Agriculture development and how important it is in this chapter.


List of Topics Covered Under The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science- Chapter 4 Agriculture

What is Agriculture?

Types of Farming

Major Crops

Agricultural Development 


Chapter 5 - Industries

Industries refer to economic activities that deal with the goods’ manufacturing, minerals extractions, and provision of services. In this chapter, you will learn about different types of industries and the factors that affect their location.


List of Topics Covered Under The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science- Chapter 5 Industries

Industries and Its Types 

Factors Affecting Location of Industries

Industrial System 

Industrial Region

Distribution of Major Industries


Chapter 6 - Human Resources

Humans are the ultimate resource. But, just like other resources, they are not equally distributed. They differ in age, sex, educational levels, characteristsics, numbers, etc. This chapter covers the concepts related to Human Resources.

List of Topics Covered Under The NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science- Chapter 6 Human Resources

Distribution of Population

Density of Population

Factors affecting distribution of population

Population change

Pattern of population change

Population composition


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Other Text Books PDF Download


NCERT Textbook Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (History)

NCERT Textbook Solutions for Class 8 Social Science (Civics)

Why Prefer Using Class 8 Resources and Development PDF Notes?

The reasons for using Class 8 Resources and Development notes are:

  • A concise representation of the entire chapter.

  • Easy recapitulation of the concepts you have studied before an exam.

  • A simple explanation of new concepts that are crucial for the syllabus.

  • Format prepared by the experienced teachers for the benefit of students.

Download this file and access it offline to study the chapters conveniently.

Importance of Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Chapters Solutions

Every subject in Class 8 needs proper study material to assist students in completely preparing the syllabus. They will need notes and exercise solutions to completely understand the fundamental principles of the chapters.

This is where the experts have developed the solutions for the exercise chapters of Class 8 Social Science. This part of the syllabus contains six chapters based on resources, natural resources, human resources, agriculture, etc.

To understand the context of these chapters, students will need a strong platform of study material where they can find a simpler explanation of the fundamental principles. The context of these chapters will become clear with the guidance provided by the answers to the exercise questions.

All these questions have been formulated by the experts by following the latest CBSE guidelines and syllabus. It means the perfect description of the concepts will be witnessed in the answers. Students will develop their concepts by following the solutions to practice the exercise questions after completely preparing a chapter at home. Hence, these solutions will work as a Social Science Resources and Development Guide for Class 8.

These chapter-wise solutions can be downloaded from here easily as the dedicated files have been provided on a list. Students can download the respective files by knowing the Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development All Chapter Name and considering their study curriculum and proceeding with their preparation.

Benefits of CBSE Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Solutions

  • As mentioned earlier, the solutions have been formulated separately to provide dedicated PDF files for all the chapters. This is why students will find the utmost convenience in downloading and using these files with their study notes.

  • The solutions will act as an assessment tool for the students. They can compare their answers to the solutions and find out where they need to work more. In this way, they can easily complete preparing the chapters and get ready for the exams.

  • Resolving doubts related to the exercise questions has never been easier. The solutions in hand and their easy language will make the contexts of the chapters comprehensible. Students will become more capable of developing their conceptual foundation for this subject and can score more in the exams.

Download NCERT Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development Solutions

Considering the type of chapters included in the syllabus, get the free PDF version of the solutions files. Seek assistance from the compiled answers and learn how to answer fundamental questions such as what is Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development easily. Focus on how the questions have been answered and develop your answering skills accordingly to score more in the exams.

Important Related Links for NCERT Class 8

FAQs on NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social Science - Resources and Development

1. Explain the reasons for the unequal distribution of resources over the earth

The earth is blessed with natural resources. These include resources like water, oil, minerals etc. These are distributed over different pockets over the earth. This is due to topographic factors, different climates and weather conditions. Some regions are rich in oil like the middle east, whereas some are rich in certain types of minerals. Some are more well suited for certain types of farming techniques and crops. It is also interesting to see the relation between development and resources.

In the changing times, one resource that governs all other resources is the human resource. Human resource is the term used to refer to the people that are the working force of an organization, industry or an economy. The people that handle all the business operations involved are the human resource of that business organization. Distribution of human resources depends upon development. Well developed cities and nations will attract good quality human resources.

2. Explain the term Sustainable Development.

Sustainable development is the term devised to define how we can meet the present human needs without overusing resources and comprising the ability of the generations to come to meet their needs. These are the defining principles that allow for the stability of natural resources and the environment we live in. It addresses some global challenges such as poverty, health, climate change, justice, equality, and environmental degradation.

To create urgency for this issue, the United Nations has devised 17 sustainable development goals to meet the present human demands while not putting stress on natural resources on which our survival depends. These goals are defined by the United Nations as the most urgent issues nations need to address locally and globally in order to achieve sustainable development. The resources on earth are not infinite; some are limited and others need time to replenish.

3. How many chapters are there in the Class 8 NCERT Social Science book named ‘Resources and Development’ ?

There are six chapters in total in the Class 8 NCERT ‘Resources and Development’ Social Science book -

  • Chapter 1 - Resources

  • Chapter 2 - Land, water, soil, natural vegetation, and  wildlife resources

  • Chapter 3 - Mineral and power resources

  • Chapter 4 - Agriculture

  • Chapter 5 - Industries

  • Chapter 6 - Human resources

Subject experts at Vedantu provide detailed answers to all NCERT exercise questions, so that students can deepen their understanding of the chapters.

4. What are the benefits of referring to Vedantu’s NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development?

The solutions offered by Vedantu are concept-based and written in an easy-to-understand language. The solutions are authentic and reliable, written by experts having many years of experience in teaching. Some other benefits of referring to these solutions are: 

  • These solutions are free of cost on Vedantu’s website and mobile app. 

  • Students can download them for offline use as well.

  • Answers are written keeping in mind the exam guidelines.

  • CBSE guidelines are followed while designing the answers.

5. What are the important concepts covered in the Class 8 NCERT Chapter 1 ‘Resources and Development’?

Chapter 1 of the Class 8 NCERT Solutions Social Science book is - ‘Resources’. The main topics this chapter covers include;

  • What are different types of resources?

  • What is a patent?

  • Definition of sustainable development

  • Different types of natural resources

  • Difference between renewable and non-renewable resources

  • Difference between localized and ubiquitous resources

  • Resource conservation

  • Difference between actual and potential resources

Students must study these concepts thoroughly as they are important from the viewpoint of exams.

6. What is the chapter-wise weightage of Class 8 Social Science NCERT?

The syllabus of Class 8 NCERT Social Science is divided into three books. They are:

  • Geography textbook - “Resources and Development”

  • Civics textbook - “Social and Political Life”

  • History textbook - “Our Pasts”

The Geography syllabus has a considerable weightage among the three. The syllabus is divided into 6 Chapters. Students can earn more marks if they understand the concepts in Geography thoroughly. Students should solve the questions at the end of each chapter to deepen their understanding and to score well in exams.

7. Where can I find the solutions for the Class 8 NCERT book ‘Resources and Development’?

Vedantu offers solutions to all chapters of Class 8 NCERT textbooks. To find solutions to the book “Resources and Development”, follow these steps:

  • Visit NCERT solutions for Class 8 Social Science Resources and Development on Vedantu.

  • Here, you will see all the chapters listed on the page.

  • Click on the chapter for which you want the solutions.

  • The solutions will appear on the screen.

  • You can also download the solutions for all the chapters by clicking on ‘Download PDF’. These can be viewed offline too.

8. Can I access the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science for free?

Yes, you can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science for free directly from the official website of Vedantu or through the Vedantu app. This includes solutions for Class 8 Geography, History, and Civics. There are a lot of online as well as offline study resources available on Vedantu for use for free that you can download as per your needs. These solutions, available in pdf format, contain accurate and precise answers to all the questions given in the NCERT textbook. By preparing from these solutions, you will not only be able to face your exam without fear but also boost your confidence.

9. Will I get my doubts cleared from the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science offered by Vedantu?

Yes, when you use the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, you will have access to all the solutions for problems given in the Class 8 Geography, History, and Civics textbook. All the theoretical answers have been explained in an easy-to-understand language so that you can grasp the concepts better. If you want to learn these concepts offline without any restrictions, you can also download them in pdf format.

10. Will the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Resources and Development be enough to score well in the final exam?

Vedantu’s NCERT solutions for Class 8 Resources and Development offer precise answers to all the questions given in the NCERT textbooks. You can use these solutions to clear the doubts you will have while preparing for the exam. Most of the questions that will come in your final exam will be directly or indirectly from the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Resources and Development. You should refer to these solutions while studying from the NCERT textbook, as it will help improve your academic performance. These solutions have been created by the top subject matter experts at Vedantu and will help you get a firm grasp of the topics. 


Apart from this, you can also learn some tricks and shortcut tips for answering questions efficiently. When you refer to these guides, you will get a clear cut idea about critical topics.