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NCERT Solutions For Class 11

Last updated date: 27th Jun 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 - Free PDF Download

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 helps with the academic requirements of students. Vedantu has brought up NCERT Solutions of Class 11 to help you reduce the struggle while solving the NCERT Questions. Do you know how NCERT Solutions is helpful for you? They provide detailed explanations, simplifying complex concepts and fostering a deeper understanding of the curriculum. With NCERT Solutions for Class 11, no matter the stream you have selected, it will be simpler to adjust to. Class 11 NCERT Solutions by Vedantu offers comprehensive guidance across diverse subjects. The Class 11 NCERT Solutions PDFs for Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology help you to cover the whole NCERT Syllabus. You can download these PDFs of NCERT Solutions for FREE.

With comprehensive insights and structured explanations, NCERT Solutions serve as a dependable resource for reinforcing learning and achieving academic excellence. Class 11 can be a challenging time, with pressure coming from different directions. But these Class 11 NCERT Solutions aim to make things easier for you during this demanding period.

Detailed Overview of NCERT Solutions for Class 11




Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

Available Materials:

Chapter Wise

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Subjects wise

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 in Hindi Medium

NCERT Solutions For Class 11 - Chapter at a Glance: A Sneak Peek Into Chapters

The journey through CBSE Class 11 is an exciting and crucial phase in a student's academic life. As they have a transition from the secondary level to the higher secondary level, students are exposed to a wider range of subjects and a more comprehensive curriculum. Understanding the class 11 chapters in each subject becomes essential for building a strong foundation for future studies.

To navigate through the vast curriculum, it is essential to have a clear understanding of each subject and its respective chapters. A chapter at a glance provides a quick overview, highlighting the key topics covered in each subject. This helps you to score more in examinations. Prepare with Chapter at a Glance and NCERT Solutions for Class 11 for better results.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths have been provided for all the chapters. Download free PDFs of these chapter-wise NCERT solutions from the links below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics have been provided for all the chapters. Download free PDFs of these chapter-wise NCERT solutions from the links below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry have been provided for all the chapters. Download free PDFs of these chapter-wise NCERT solutions from the links below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology have been provided for all the chapters. Download free PDFs of these chapter-wise NCERT solutions from the links below.

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Competitive Exams after 12th Science

NCERT Solutions Class 11 PDF Download Free

Class 11 is a period of calmness between the madness of 10th-grade boards and 12th-grade boards. It is the period where if a student is found to have a lackadaisical attitude for the first month or two, it can be excused because the student needs a break. Now, this is where Vedantu’s NCERT Solution for Class 11 comes in, to help the student get over this attitude and begin to fare well in the Class 11 examinations.

After all, Class 11 is a precursor to the final make or break year of school life, which is Class 12. Every parent and teacher begins to pressurize students for the class 12 boards starting in 11th, which is why having Class 11 Solutions can be very helpful for students. This is where every student must begin to prepare their study ethic to do well in school, which is why the NCERT Solution of Class 11 is of dire importance.

Class 11th NCERT Solutions Explanation

Class 11 has a variety of subjects, and due to the division of streams, the array of subjects is vast. The three clearly demarcated streams of Arts, Commerce and Science have a wide array of subjects which fall under them. Vedantu has provided solutions for all the subjects under these streams.

Let’s take a quick look at the NCERT Solution for Class 11 which are available for students:


In the class 11 Maths syllabus, there are 16 chapters. All the 16 chapters are thoroughly explained in the Maths solutions along with the exercise questions.

Some of The Important Chapters and Topics That are Present in The Class 11 Maths Syllabus are as Follows:

Sets and functions – This is the first chapter and there are a total of 3 exercises. This chapter holds 23 marks and you need to be thorough with your preparation. You have to learn about sets and their representation, types of sets, etc., practice examples, and the exercise questions. In the next exercise, you have to learn relations and functions. You also have to learn the sum, difference, quotient, etc. of functions. Solve the exercise examples to understand the concept properly and then you can proceed towards solving the exercise questions. Practice diagrams, domain, and range of functions. The last exercise is trigonometric functions, learn about positive and negative angles and solve examples and related questions. Learn how to measure angles in radians and degrees and also their conversion.

Signs of trigonometric functions are also an important topic and you have to be thorough with it. Practice the domain and range functions along with their graphs. Learn the general solutions of trigonometric equations. In the topic sets. You also need to practice power sets, Venn diagrams, properties, etc. In the exercise relation and function, you have to learn pictorial diagrams, range of a relation, etc., practice-related examples and questions. Use the NCERT solutions for additional help and explanations.


1. Algebra – This is the second unit and there are 6 chapters in it. The first chapter is on Mathematical Induction. Learn the principle of mathematical induction and applications. Complex numbers and quadratic equations is the 2nd chapter and there are 6 exercises in it. This chapter is very important and you have to prepare for it properly.

Learn about complex numbers and their needs. You also have to learn the algebraic properties of complex numbers, and solve the given examples in the exercise. You also have to know the polar representation of complex numbers. Practice questions related to quadratic equations in complex numbers and the square root of complex numbers. You can always use the NCERT solutions for difficult topics and exercise questions.

The 3rd chapter is Linear Inequalities, in this chapter and there are 4 exercises in this chapter. Learn about linear inequalities and go through plus one question paper and answers. In the next exercise, you have to learn algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one and two variables. You also have to learn graphical solutions for two variables. Practice all the exercise questions and examples.

Permutation and combinations is the 4th chapter in this unit. There are 5 exercises in this chapter. You will learn the fundamental principle of counting, derivation, and simple applications. Solve the exercise questions and use the NCERT solutions as reference. In permutations and combinations, you have to practice as many questions as possible.  

The 5th chapter is Binomial Theorem, there are 5 exercises and you have to solve and learn all the topics. Learn about pascal’s triangle, general and middle term binomial expression, and solve questions related to it. Also learn simple applications and solve exercise questions and practice.

Sequence and series is the 6th chapter and there are 9 exercises. This chapter is very important and you have to prepare it properly to score well in it. Learn about arithmetic and geometric progression. Practice their formulas and solve questions related to them. 

You also have to focus on topics like arithmetic and geometric mean. Be very thorough with this chapter and revise daily. This unit holds 37 marks in total and thus requires proper preparations. The NCERT solutions also have additional questions plus one question paper and answers.

2. Coordinate geometry – This is the third unit and there are 3 chapters in it. This unit holds 13 marks. The first chapter in this unit is straight lines and there are 4 major exercises in it. Learn about the shifting of origin, the slope of a line, etc.

Practice all the formulas and general forms. You also have to learn equations of the line parallel to the axis, point-slope form, etc. Solve all the examples and cover all the salient concepts before starting the exercise questions. You can use the NCERT solutions for the exercise questions and topics. The second chapter is conic sections, where you will learn about circles, ellipses, parabola, etc.

Practice their formulas and solve related examples for understanding the concept properly. You also have to learn the standard equations and properties of a parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. The last exercise in this chapter discusses the standard equation of a circle. Solve the exercise questions only after the completion of every topic.

The 3rd chapter is three-dimensional geometry and there are 3 exercises in this chapter. In the first exercise, you have to learn about coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. You also have to learn the coordinates of a point and distance and section formulas. Practice the given examples and exercise questions using the NCERT solutions for Class 11.

3. Calculus – This is the 4th unit and there is only one chapter. This unit holds 6 marks and there are 5 exercises in this chapter. You have to learn the limits of polynomial and rational functions. You also have to learn derivation, practice examples, and exercise questions. This chapter is important and you will be studying it in higher classes also. Thus, you need to be thorough with it and properly learn it. Practice the formulas and memorize the properties.

Mathematical Reasoning – This is the 5th unit and there is one chapter in it. Practice the examples and learn the salient concepts properly. Solve the exercise questions after the completion of the chapter. For all the above units and chapters, the NCERT solutions provide the best explanation and you can use it to your advantage by preparing from it.


The subjects which come under Humanities for Class 11 Solution are compulsorily History and Political Science. Class 11th NCERT Solutions are available for these subjects in full detail for Humanities/Arts students.


The textbook for Class 11 History is Themes in World History. Its contents are as follows:



I) Early Societies


Timeline 1 (6 MYA to 1 BCE)

Theme I: From the Beginning of Time 

Theme 2: Writing and City Life

II) Empires


Timeline II (C. 100 BCE TO 1300 CE)

Theme 3: An Empire Across Three Continents

Theme 4: The Central Islamic Lands

Theme 5: Nomadic Empires

III) Changing Traditions


Timeline III (C.1300 TO 1700)

Theme 6: The Three Orders

Theme 7: Changing Cultural Traditions

Theme 8: Confrontation of Cultures

IV) Towards Modernisation


Timeline IV (C.1700 TO 2000)

Theme 9: The Industrial Revolution

Theme 10: Displacing Indigenous Peoples

Paths to Modernisation

Political Science

The textbook for Political Science is Indian Constitution at Work. Its contents are as follows:






Rights in the Indian Constitution


Election and Representation










Local Governments


Constitution as a Living Document


The Philosophy of the Constitution


Business Studies and Accountancy are the main or compulsory subjects under the Commerce stream and Vedantu provides some great Class 11th NCERT Solutions for the same. Some of the important chapters and topics that are included in class 11.

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Commerce

NCERT Commerce Solutions are as Follows:

Theoretical framework – In this chapter, you will be introduced to accounting and its concepts. You have to learn the functions, merits, and demerits, classifications, the role of an accountant, etc. Also, practice the equations and formulas. Solve the exercise questions and use the NCERT solutions for them. 

  • Theory of base accounting – In this chapter, you have to learn the different features of accounting principles, types of accounting principles, etc. You also have to have an idea of the accounting base, accounting standards, and objectives. Practice the exercise questions and try to maintain a separate note for the topic. 

  • Recording of transactions – In this chapter, you have to learn the basic steps required for recording transactions and the rules. Practice as exercise questions from the NCERT solutions. In the last topic, you have to learn the importance of the source documents.

  • Bank reconciliation statement – In this chapter, you will learn the basic difference between a cash book and a passbook, types of differences caused by time gap, etc. This chapter is important and you can score well with proper preparation. Solve the exercise questions and practice the examples.

  • Trial balance and rectification of errors – In this chapter, you will learn about trial balance, how it is prepared, the format of trial balance, etc. You also have to learn how to rectify errors and practice a few examples related to them. Solve the exercise questions and be thorough with your preparation.

  • Applications of computers in accounting – Learn the importance and use of computers in accounting. Capabilities of a computer and transaction processing system are some of the salient topics that you should be thorough with. Study the chapter with the help of NCERT solutions. Learn the features of a computerized accounting system and practice them. 

  • Structuring database for accounting – In this chapter, you have to learn the process and steps involved. You need to understand and memorize the steps and processes. Practice the exercise questions. 

There are 15 chapters in the class 11 commerce syllabus. To score well, you have to prepare all the chapters properly. The NCERT solutions have a proper and thorough explanation for all the chapters and they also comprise additional examples and questions. The NCERT solutions are the best material that you can use for both preparing and revising. The NCERT solutions are available in PDF form and you can download them for free.


Under Science NCERT Solution for Class 11, there are the subjects Physics, Chemistry and Biology, which are compulsory for Science students. Biology is optional but is a pure science subject and is therein included. The science solutions also cover all the chapters and topics. You can use it to prepare your physics and chemistry. Preparing from the NCERT solutions will help you to keep track of the topics and will also help you to revise fast. Thus, it is recommended that you use the NCERT solutions during your preparation. 

Physics and Chemistry are compulsory subjects for Class 11 science students. Students can opt for any subject from Mathematics and Biology (PCM or PCB) or even opt for both (PCMB).

1. Physics

The chapter-wise list of Class 11 Physics is as follows:




Physical World


Units and Measurements


Motion in a Straight Line


Motion in a Plane


Laws of Motion


Work, Energy, and Power


System of particles and Rotational Motion




Mechanical Properties of Solids


Mechanical Properties of Fluids


Thermal Properties of Matter




Kinetic Theory





2. Chemistry

The chapter-wise list of Class 11 Chemistry is as follows:


Chapter Title


Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry.


Structure of Atom


Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties.


Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure.


States of Matter






Redox Reactions




The s-Block Elements 


The p-Block Elements


Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques.




Environmental Chemistry

3. Biology

The chapter-wise list of Class 11 Biology is as follows:



Chapter Title

I) Diversity in the Living World


The Living World


Biological Classification


Plant Kingdom.


Animal Kingdom

II) Structural Organization in Animals and Plants


Morphology of Flowering Plants.


Anatomy of Flowering Plants.


Structural Organization in Animals.

III) Cell: Structure and Functions


Cell: The Unit of Life




Cell Cycle and Cell Division

IV) Plant Physiology


Transport in Plants


Mineral Nutrition


Photosynthesis in Higher Plants.


Respiration in Plants


Plant Growth and Development.

V) Human Physiology


Digestion and Absorption.


Breathing and Exchange of Gasses.


Body Fluids and Circulation.


Excretory Products and their Elimination.


Locomotion and Movement


Neural Control and Coordination


Chemical Coordination and Integration

Common Subjects

Some common subjects are Psychology, Geospatial Technology, Legal Studies and Mass Communication, from which students from each stream are allowed to select one. Economics is a compulsory subject for Commerce as well as Humanities students, and English is a compulsory subject for all students. NCERT Solutions Class 11 PDFs provided for these subjects holds great importance to all students of Class 11.


The Class 11 English Syllabus is in following parts:

  • Literature

  • Hornbill (prose/poetry):

Reading Skills


Chapter Title


The Portrait of a Lady

A Photograph


We’re Not Afraid to Die… if We Can All Be Together


Discovering Tut: the Saga Continues

The Laburnum Top


Landscape of the Soul

The Voice of the Rain


The Ailing Planet: the Green Movement’s Role


The Browning Version



The Adventure


Silk Road

Father to Son

Writing Skills












Creative writing

Snapshots (Prose):


Chapter Title


The Summer of the Beautiful White Horse


The Address


Ranga’s Marriage


Albert Einstein at School


Mother’s Day


The Ghat of the Only World




The Tale of Melon City


The following topics will be covered in this section:

  • Modals

  • Clauses

  • Change of Voice

  • Error Correction

  • Editing task/cloze passages

  • Re-ordering/transformation of sentences.


Practise the following reading-based skills:

  • Unseen Passage

  • Note Making

  • Summary


The following writing skills are to be practised:

  • Notice

  • Advertisement

  • Poster

  • Letter

  • Composition

NCERT Solution Class 11 Solution Weightage Marks

All subjects of Class 11 amount to a total of 100 marks, from which 20 marks go from an internal assessment and 80 marks are from the written examination conducted at the end of the year by the CBSE board. The internal assessment includes an average of the midterm marks scored by the student and marks awarded for projects and other practical activities. The question paper for each subject is of 80 marks, its weightage marks divided chapter and topic-wise. Studying for these final year board exams is where the Vedantu NCERT Solution for Class 11 comes in handy.

NCERT 11th Solution Benefits

There are several benefits of Class 11th NCERT Solutions, some of which are listed as follows:

  • Written NCERT Solution for Class 11 can be soothing for the anxiousness and nervousness which comes with studying for exams.

  • NCERT 11th Solutions are given in a detailed and systematic manner which erases the student’s need to scour through textbooks to look for precise points.

  • The Class 11th NCERT Solutions provide samples for how questions should be answered in an exam.

  • Vedantu keeps the NCERT Solutions Class 11 PDFs completely free of cost and fully downloadable and printable.

  • The Class 11 Solutions allow the student to settle more easily into a stream which they have just chosen.

Other NCERT Solutions Class 11 Study Materials by Vedantu

FAQs on NCERT Solutions For Class 11

1. How can NCERT Solution for Class 11 Help me?

If you are a student of Class 11, the NCERT Solution of Class 11 will be of great significance and help to you. When we have to sit and study for hours at a go, it becomes a headache to keep going through textbooks for information that we may have missed out on. The NCERT Solution of Class 11 provided by Vedantu contains all the details and provisions that you need when you’re studying, making the process of studying and learning a lot easier. Along with this, students can benefit from the easing of the tension and pressure of having to score good marks by helping the Class 11th NCERT Solutions help them with this.

2. What all is Covered Under the Subject of Economics in the NCERT Solutions Class 11 PDFs?

The Economics syllabus of Class 11 includes two important components. The first important component is Statistics, and the second one is Indian Economic Development. Both the topics are important as the first one shows us how to compute big numbers into easier and simpler values, and the second one looks at the history of economic development in our country. Notes for both of these important components have been included in the NCERT Solutions’ Class 11 PDFs which will help you score exceptionally well in your Economics paper.

3. Is 11th Standard Easy?

Class 11 is a bit more difficult than Class 12 since the syllabus is primarily based on fundamentals. Also, because you will be prepared for higher education in your domain, it is important to study and do well in your Class 11 examinations, as this will influence your basic concepts that will form the base of your Class 12 syllabus. The transition from Class 10 to Class 11 can be tricky.

4. Do I need to practice all the questions provided in Class 11 NCERT Solutions?

It is indeed very crucial to practice as much as possible since Class 11 is primarily focused on fundamentals which can be challenging and it would be quite difficult for you to complete the syllabus and score well if you do not grasp the concepts. NCERT questions are also well-structured and created with strict respect to the CBSE syllabus for Class 11. You can get the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 free of cost. 

5. Where can I easily access the Solutions of NCERT Class 11?

Students can download the Class 11 NCERT Solutions from the link NCERT Solutions for Class 11 free of cost. Along with it, if you require additional guidance from experts, you can visit the Vedantu site or download the app. These experts will help you properly understand all the fundamentals and can also help you ace your exams with the help of their guidance and practice modules. They will also help you prepare for your future entrances, be it JEE or NEET etc.

6. Is NCERT enough to crack exams?

NCERT books are of utmost importance to properly grasp all of your fundamentals. The different problems are structured properly with different levels of difficulty. These books help you understand the topics in an easy language. The exercises in the NCERT books will give an apt idea of the paper structure. Furthermore, you can also reinforce your arsenal of knowledge with other guide books.

7. How many Chapters are there in the NCERT Solutions Class 11 Economics?

The NCERT Class 11 Indian Economic Development book has ten chapters. Each chapter covers a certain area and its topics, which are adequately expanded and explained, as well as carefully structured and conform strictly to the CBSE syllabus. From the standpoint of the test, it is critical to understand all of the principles, study the NCERT book thoroughly, and practice all of the exercises. Please refer to the link NCERT Solutions for Class 11 on Vedantu website ( for additional information.