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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 How do Organisms Reproduce

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NCERT Solutions: How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 PDF (FREE Download)

How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 NCERT Solution, a vital aspect of biology, explores the transmission of traits from one generation to the next and the gradual changes in living organisms over time. At the heart of this field lies the understanding of genetics, which elucidates how traits are inherited through genes from parents to offspring. Evolutionary biology delves into the mechanisms driving the diversity of life forms on Earth, including natural selection, mutation, and genetic drift. How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 questions and answers not only unveil the fascinating journey of life's development but also elucidate our place within the vast tapestry of biological history.

Table of Content
1. NCERT Solutions: How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 PDF (FREE Download)
2. Quick Insights of How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 Solution
3. Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Biology Chapter 7 How Do Organisms Reproduce
4. Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 How Do Organisms Reproduce: Quick Overview of Topics
5. Class 10 NCERT Solutions Chapter 7: Important Topics From How Do Organisms Reproduce
6. Benefits of NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 7 - How Do Organisms Reproduce
7. Important Study Materials for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 How Do We Organism Reproduce
8. FREE PDF Links For Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science
9. Related Links for Class 10 Science

Download the FREE PDF of NCERT Solutions for How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 Solutions prepared by master teachers. Solutions are prepared according to the CBSE Science class 10 syllabus and exam pattern for 2024-25 by Vedantu Master Teachers.

Quick Insights of How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 Solution

  • Class 10 Science Chapter 7 will give you insights into the General Introduction and Mechanisms by which organisms reproduce and ensure the continuation of their species. The chapter covers the modes of reproduction: asexual and sexual reproduction.

  • Class 10 Science Chapter 7 Question Answer PDF will give you crisp learnings on the reproductive systems of different organisms and the process of fertilisation and development.

  • How do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 solutions also focus on human reproductive health, highlighting the importance of reproductive knowledge and awareness.

  • How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 PDF can help students analyse their level of preparation and understanding of concepts.

  • How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 Solutions PDF topics are included per the revised academic year 2024-25 syllabus.

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Access NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Biology Chapter 7 How Do Organisms Reproduce

1. What is the importance of DNA copying in reproduction?

Ans: The genetic material present in the chromosomes is DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) which is present in the nucleus of a cell. The genes are carried by DNA which is responsible for all the physiological processes of an individual. Two copies of DNA are inherited by a child, one from the mother and the other from the father. This is the reason why offspring look almost like their parents. So, DNA copying during reproduction is a crucial phenomenon through which characters are passed over generations. During reproduction, the copying of DNA is very accurate. Thus, the copying of DNA is very important during reproduction. In sexually reproducing organisms, copying of DNA also produces variations, hence, a better survival advantage is given from species to species.

2. Why is variation beneficial to the species but not necessarily for the individual?

Ans: Variations are sometimes beneficial to the species as the environmental conditions change considerably and their survival becomes difficult. For example, Suddenly, if the temperature of the water is increased then most of the bacteria living in that water would die. Only a few would be able to survive and those few variants are resistant to heat. However,  the whole population of bacteria would be destroyed in the absence of these variants. Thus, variants help the survival of the species. However, For individual organisms, all variations are not necessarily beneficial.

3. How does binary fission differ from multiple fission?

Ans:  A single cell divides into two equal cells in binary fission. Amoeba and Bacteria Division by binary fission occurs in Amoeba and bacteria.

Binary Fission in Amoeba

The division of one cell into many daughter cells simultaneously takes place in multiple fission. Amoeba and Plasmodium divides by multiple fission.

Multiple Fission in Plasmodium

4. How will an organism be benefited if it reproduces through spores?

Ans: Dormant and hard structures produced by some organisms are spores. They are produced in order to tide over unfavorable conditions. Thus, it becomes easy for the spores to escalate around and promote pollination.

5. Can you think of reasons why more complex organisms cannot give rise to new individuals through regeneration?

Ans: Simple organisms capable of producing new individuals through the process of regeneration are Hydra and Planaria. The new organisms from its body parts are called regeneration. This can be utilized by some organisms by the method of reproduction as their whole body is made up of fewer and the same kinds of cells in which any part of their body is often formed by growth and development. However, the Organ-system level of organization is shown by complex organisms. As an interconnected unit work is done by systems of the body of all the organisms. Regeneration can be done by their lost body parts such as skin, muscles, blood, etc. However, It is impossible to give rise to new individuals through regeneration as a complete organ cannot be formed by a specific cell or tissue. Therefore, Complete regeneration of an entire new organism is not possible. Organisms such as lizards and starfish can regenerate broken parts of the body through the process of regeneration.

6. Why is vegetative propagation practiced for growing some types of plants?

Ans: Asexual reproduction administered by vegetative parts of the plant (leaf, stem, roots) is known as vegetative propagation. This kind of propagation is self-sustaining and occurs without the presence of seeds. It has many advantages such as:

1. Dispersion of plants with no viable seeds like orchids, bananas, etc.

2. Propagation of a specific superior sort of a plant because the plants produced are going to be genetically just like the parent plant.

3. A quicker method of propagation to acquire a large number of plants in a much lesser time.

4. Introduction and propagation of plants in newer areas where seeds might not germinate due to unfavorable environmental or soil conditions.

7. Why is DNA copying an essential part of the process of reproduction?

Ans: Copying of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) is a crucial part of reproduction as genetic information is passed from parents to offspring. The body design of an individual is determined. A copy of their DNA is produced by the reproducing cells through chemical reactions and thus it results in two copies of DNA. With the creation of additional cellular structures, the copying of DNA takes place. This process is then followed by the division of a cell to make two cells.

8. How is the process of pollination different from fertilization?

Ans: The difference between pollination and fertilization is:



The process of transfer of pollen from another to the stigma of a flower is called pollination. 

Fertilization takes place after pollination. It is thus the fusion of the male and female gametes.

Pollination is administered with the assistance of pollinating agents such as air, water, birds, or insects.

Fertilization takes place inside the ovule and results in the formation of a zygote.

9. What is the role of the seminal vesicles and the prostate gland?

Ans: From the seminal vesicles and prostate glands, the secretions lubricate the sperms and for the easy transport of sperms, it provides a fluid medium. They also provide nutrition to the flowing sperm in the form of fructose, calcium, and some enzymes to allow the sperm to survive for a few days until they can fertilize the egg.

10. What are the changes seen in girls at the time of puberty?

Ans: Secondary sexual characteristics in girls:

  • Breast size increases and the skin of the nipples present at the tips of the breasts gets darkened.

  • The appearance of hair within the genital area.

  • Presence of hair in other areas of skin like underarms, face, hands, and legs.

  • The size of the uterus and ovary increases.

  • The onset of the menstrual cycle.

  • There is the appearance of pimples because of more secretion of oil from the skin.

  • Widening of the hips

11. How does the embryo get nourishment inside the mother’s body?

Ans: The development of the embryo occurs inside the mother’s body for about nine months or 280 days. The embryo surrounded by the outer tissue inside the uterus develops finger-like projections called villi. The uterine tissue and maternal blood surround the villi. A large surface area is provided by them for the exchange of oxygen and nutrients. A special tissue called Placenta is embedded in the uterine wall. Oxygen and other nutrients are provided to the embryo from the mother’s blood via the placenta. The embryo also produces waste materials which get removed through the placenta.

12. If a woman is using a copper−T, will it help in protecting her from sexually transmitted diseases?

Ans: No, a copper-T will not provide for sexually transmitted diseases, as it does not prevent the entry of semen. The implantation of the embryo is only prevented in the uterus. 

Exercise Questions

1. Asexual reproduction takes place through budding in

(a) Amoeba.

(b) Yeast.

(c) Plasmodium.

(d) Leishmania.

Ans: (b) In yeast, asexual reproduction takes place through budding.

2. Which of the following is not a part of the female reproductive system in human beings?

(a) Ovary

(b) Uterus

(c) Vas deferens

(d) Fallopian tube

Ans: (c) Vas deferens are a part of the male reproductive system not a part of the female reproductive system in human beings.

3. The anther contains

(a) Sepals.

(b) Ovules.

(c) Carpel.

(d) Pollen grains.

Ans: (d) The anther contains pollen grains.

4. What are the advantages of sexual reproduction over asexual reproduction?

Ans: Advantages of sexual reproduction:

(i) More variations are seen in sexual reproduction. Thus, it ensures the survival of species. The characteristics of both the parents are seen in the newly formed individuals.

(ii) With comparison to asexual mode, variations are more viable in the sexual mode because in asexual reproduction the function of DNA has to be inside the inherited cellular apparatus.

(iii) In the case of sexual reproduction, progeny produced are less than those produced by asexual reproduction.

5. What are the functions performed by the testis in human beings?

Ans: In man,  the reproductive organ called the testes is present outside the abdomen within a loose pouch called the scrotum.

Functions of testes:

(i) Produce sperms

(ii) A hormone called testosterone is secreted which is responsible for secondary sexual characteristics in boys.

6. Why does menstruation occur?

Ans: After puberty is reached in females, it produces a mature egg cell every month during a process called the menstrual cycle.

(i) A mature egg is released by an ovary during this period.

(ii) A new menstrual cycle begins if the egg does not get fertilized and the uterine lining is shed.

(iii) In general, a menstrual cycle lasts for 28 days.

7. Draw a labeled diagram of the longitudinal section of a flower.


Longitudinal Section of a Flower

8. What are the different methods of contraception? 

Ans: A method to prevent pregnancy is called Contraception. The contraceptive means are often broadly divided into the subsequent types: 

(i) Natural Method → The chances of meeting sperm and ovum are avoided in this method. The sexual act is avoided in this method from day 10th to 17th of the menstrual cycle as, during this period, ovulation can take place, and therefore, the possibility of fertilization is very high. 

(ii) Barrier Method → In this method, the fertilized ovum and sperm are prevented with the assistance of barriers. For both males and females, barriers are available. Condoms are barriers made from thin rubber that are used to cover the vagina in females and the penis in males 

(ii) Oral Contraceptives → This method involves tablets or drugs which have to be taken orally. These contain small doses of hormones that prevent the discharge of eggs and thus fertilization cannot occur. 

(iv) Implants and Surgical Methods →Contraceptive devices such as loop or Copper-T are placed within the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Several surgical methods can be adapted to inhibit the transfer of gametes. In order to prevent the transfer of sperms, the blocking of vas deferens is required which is known as vasectomy. Similarly, the egg will not reach the uterus by blocking the fallopian tubes of the females known as Tubectomy.

9. How are the modes for reproduction different in unicellular and multicellular organisms?

Ans: Reproduction in unicellular organisms occurs by the division of the whole cell. In unicellular organisms, the modes of reproduction are often fission, budding, etc. whereas specialized reproductive organs are present in multicellular organisms. Therefore, reproduction can take place by complex reproductive methods like vegetative propagation, spore formation, etc. The mode of reproduction will be sexual reproduction in more complex multicellular organisms like human beings and plants.

10. How does reproduction help in providing stability to populations of species?

Ans: Living organisms reproduce for the continuation of a specific species. Stability is being provided to the population of species by producing a new individual that resembles the parents. Therefore, stability is provided by reproduction to populations of species. In addition, due to the presence of variants, the species is also better equipped to handle environmental changes and at the end of the day.

11. What could be the reasons for adopting contraceptive methods?

Ans: Contraceptive methods are adopted due to the subsequent reasons:

(i) For the prevention of unwanted pregnancies.

(ii) To manage population, rise or birth rate.

(iii) For the prevention of the transfer of sexually transmitted diseases.

Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 How Do Organisms Reproduce: Quick Overview of Topics

Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 NCERT Solutions - Quick Overview of Detailed Structure of Topics and Subtopics Covered IN How Do Organisms Reproduce.


Subtopics Covered

Introduction to Reproduction

Importance of reproduction

Asexual vs. sexual reproduction

Asexual Reproduction

Definition and characteristics

Types of asexual reproduction (Binary fission, Budding, Fragmentation, Regeneration, Spore formation, Vegetative propagation)

Examples and characteristics of organisms reproducing asexually

Sexual Reproduction in Plants

Structure and function of flower parts

Process of pollination (self-pollination, cross-pollination)

Agents of pollination (wind, water, animals)

Structure and function of pollen grain and ovule

Formation of seeds and fruits

Dispersal of seeds and fruits

Sexual Reproduction in Humans

Structure and function of male and female reproductive systems

Process of gamete formation (spermatogenesis, oogenesis)

Fertilization process

Pregnancy and development of embryo and fetus

Birth and postnatal care

Reproductive Health

Meaning and importance of reproductive health

Problems and issues related to reproductive health (adolescence, STDs, contraception, infertility)

Measures for reproductive health care

Class 10 NCERT Solutions Chapter 7: Important Topics From How Do Organisms Reproduce

Class 10 NCERT solutions help the students to go through the Important Highlights easily. The important topics in Chapter 7 - How Organisms Reproduce to Crack Your Exams.

  1. Modes of Reproduction: Organisms reproduce either asexually or sexually. Asexual reproduction involves a single parent and produces offspring genetically identical to the parent. Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of gametes from two parents, leading to genetic variation in offspring.

  2. Reproductive Structures and Processes: Reproductive structures, such as reproductive organs in animals and flowers in plants, are specialised for producing and delivering gametes. Gamete formation, pollination, fertilisation, and embryo development are essential for reproduction.

  3. Advantages and Disadvantages of Reproductive Modes: Asexual reproduction allows for rapid population growth but lacks genetic diversity, making populations vulnerable to environmental changes. Sexual reproduction promotes genetic variation, enhancing adaptability, but requires more time and energy.

  4. Reproductive Health and Related Issues: Reproductive health encompasses aspects like puberty, menstruation, fertility, contraception, STIs, and infertility. Awareness and access to reproductive health care services are crucial for overall well-being. 

Benefits of NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 7 - How Do Organisms Reproduce

The Vedantu’s Class 10 NCERT Solutions For Chemistry How Do We Organism Reproduce Class 7 exercise answers provided herein PDFs offer various benefits, including:  

  • Detailed explanations and step-by-step solutions for all topics in Chapter 7.

  • Solutions curated by experienced educators to ensure accuracy and clarity.

  • Covers important concepts like the chapter covering the modes of reproduction: asexual and sexual reproduction.

  • Clear and concise explanations using precise chemical terminology.

  • An in-depth analysis of key concepts and their applications in reproductive health encompasses aspects like puberty, menstruation, fertility, contraception, STIs, and infertility.  

  • ch 7 science class 10 to various problems to strengthen analytical and problem-solving abilities.

  • ch 7 Science class 10 Step-by-step solutions for numerical problems and reaction mechanisms.

Important Study Materials for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 How Do We Organism Reproduce

Students can access extra study materials on How Do We Organism Reproduce. These resources are available for Download and offer additional support for your studies.


The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8 - How do Organisms Reproduce, provided by Vedantu, is a valuable resource for 10th-grade students. It introduces biological concepts in an accessible manner. The NCERT solutions and explanations simplify complex ideas, aiding 10th-grade students in understanding the material. By utilizing these Vedantu's resources, students can develop a deeper understanding of NCERT concepts. Now, having solved Chapter 8 solutions and understanding its weightage and advantages, students are well-prepared for this crucial and extensive chapter. Early preparation and diagram practice is key; all the best in mastering Class 10 Science Chapter 8!

FREE PDF Links For Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science

Access chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science from the links below and kick-start your preparation for Class 10 Board exams.

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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 7 How do Organisms Reproduce

1. Why is Organisms Reproduction Important?

Reproduction is a biological process through which living creatures give birth to individuals like them. It is a way to maintain the existence of the creatures on this planet. This process maintains the balance and stability in the ecosystem. Also, reproduction maintains the birth and death ratio. A new living creature replaces the old creature by this process.

The species in an ecosystem increases with birth rate, and the ecosystem becomes healthy with species variation. The genes maintain the biological features by transmitting from one generation to another. Reproduction leads us to evolution. Variety in species of an ecosystem is an excellent result of reproduction. Class 10 Science Chapter 7 PDF provides the best expertise in the chapter.

2. What is the Process of Asexual Reproduction?

Asexual reproduction is mainly for lower animals. They don’t have gametes in their reproductive cells. Asexual reproduction does not require two animals. An individual can give birth to another by asexual reproduction. It is a process for single parent creatures such as lower animals and plants and other unicellular organisms.

Asexual reproduction is done by many processes like budding, spore-formation, fragmentation, fission, regeneration, vegetative reproduction, etc. a sexual reproduction mainly follows the cell division process. By this process, two or more identical cells are formed and that cells are formed and that cells transform into new individuals. For all these reasons, asexual reproduction is called uni-potential reproduction.

3. How do organisms reproduce, as stated in How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 questions and answers?

In Chapter 7, science class 10, different organisms exhibit different modes of reproduction. Two main categories of reproduction are sexual and asexual. In organisms that exhibit asexual reproduction, the fusion of male and female gametes does not occur. In contrast, in organisms that exhibit sexual reproduction, the fusion of the male and the female gametes occurs. Asexual - fission, fragmentation, vegetative propagation. Sexual reproduction - gamete fusion in humans. class 10 science chapter 7 question answer pdf provides best practices to score well.

4. Where can I get the solutions for class 10, science chapter 7?

The page to download NCERT solutions free of cost is class 10 Science Chapter 7 PDF. Apart from these solutions, you can also post questions to get your queries solved by the experts at Vedantu. Furthermore, you can also avail multiple modules of different topics and subjects easily on the Vedantu site and the app. Class 10 Science ch 7 question answer are curated by experts and are completely reliable.

5. What is the difference between sexual and asexual?

Sexual reproduction requires two parents and results in genetically distinct children. Asexual reproduction requires just one parent and results in children that are characterized by genetic similarity. Both of these are the two types of reproduction observed in organisms. Humans and most animals are characterized by sexual reproduction while plants exhibit asexual reproduction as well as sexual reproduction . Students can also refer to How Do Organisms Reproduce Class 10 questions and answers for better understanding.

6. What do you mean by fission?

In biology, fission refers to the splitting of a single organism into two or more pieces and the regeneration of those parts into distinct creatures that are similar to the original. Fission generally refers to how cells split into separate portions, but it may also apply to how creatures, bodies, populations, or species break into discrete sections. Binary fission and multiple fission are the two forms of fission. The parent cell divides into two halves, known as daughter cells, in binary fission. The organism splits into many daughter cells during multiple fission. chapter 7 Science Class 10 provides best practices to score well.

7. Is reproduction important?

Yes, indeed it is crucial. Reproduction keeps all types of creatures from going extinct. Reproduction is not required for an individual's life processes, but it does aid in population growth. Reproduction is necessary for the evolution of organisms through genetic recombination. Without it, no species can strive to survive and will cease to exist. Hence, it is very crucial for all organisms. You may improve your performance by going to Vedantu's website and looking through their practice modules and solutions. Students can refer to class 10 science ch 7 question answers to get expertise in the chapter.

8. Why is sexual reproduction considered advantageous over asexual reproduction?

Sexual reproduction is advantageous because it creates genetic variation, enhancing adaptability and survival. This variation helps populations better resist diseases and adapt to changing environments. Although more energy and time-consuming, the genetic diversity it provides leads to stronger, more resilient species in the long run.