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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources

Last updated date: 26th Jun 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

If you are into preparation for your exams here are the complete solutions NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science chapter 16. You will get detailed answers for every problem in the NCERT textbook. Get complete knowledge for attempting different questions and steps to cover while answering them. The entire content is appropriate and according to the syllabus as prescribed by CBSE. We ensure students with a basic understanding of concepts with the clearance of their doubts with these solutions. The NCERT Solutions are always beneficial in your exam preparation and revision. Download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths from Vedantu, which are curated by master teachers.


NCERT Solutions for Class 10


Class 10 Science

Chapter Name:

Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources


Text, Videos, Images and PDF Format

Academic Year:



English and Hindi

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  • Chapter Wise

  • Exercise Wise

Other Materials

  • Important Questions

  • Revision Notes

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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources
Sustainable Management of Natural Resources | CBSE Class 10 Biology Science Chapter 16 NCERT Vedantu
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NCERT Exercise 

1. What Changes Can You Make in Your Habits to Become More Environmentally Friendly? 

Ans. The following habits can be adapted to become more environmentally friendly: 

  1. Use of plastic should be minimized and if used, try to reuse or recycle. 

  2. Use water judiciously. 

  3. Smart ways of disposal of waste should be adopted. 

  4. Keep your surroundings clean. 

  5. Do not litter public places.  

2. What Would be the Advantages of Exploiting Resources With Short-Term Aims? 

Ans. None is the advantage of exploiting resources with short-term aims. If exploitation of resources is done for short or long-term aims it will result in harming the environment and take a toll on nature’s health.  

3. How Would These Advantages Differ from the Advantages of Using a Long-Term Perspective in Managing Our Resources? 

Ans. Natural resources will last for generations to come if a long-time perspective is taken under consideration in managing our resources. Long-time management of resources ensures uniform distribution among the consumers.  

4. Why Do You Think There Should Be Equitable Distribution of Resources? What Forces Would Be Working Against an Equitable Distribution of Our Resources? 

Ans. Natural resources of the Earth must be distributed among the people uniformly so that each one gets his share of the resource. The forces working against an equitable distribution of resources are greediness of humans, corruption, and inequality.

1. Why should we conserve forests and wildlife? 

Ans. We should conserve forests and wildlife because: 

  1. Forests are home to a large number of plants and animal species 

  2. Forests maintain ecological balance and hence, are responsible for the regular cycle of seasons.

  3. Wildlife is a part of our ecosystem and disturbing their population will affect the food chain. 

  4. Besides, tribal populations depend on forests to conserve their culture and tradition.

2. Suggest Some Approaches Towards the Conservation of Forests. 

Ans. Following are some approaches towards the conservation of forests: 

  1. By protesting against the cutting of trees people should show their participation in saving the forest. For example, Chipko Andolan 

  2. More and more planting of trees should be done. The rate of afforestation should be greater than that of deforestation.

  3. To catch wood smugglers government should take legal steps. 

1. Find Out About the Traditional Systems of Water Harvesting/management in Your Region.  

Ans. The use of tanks is one of the traditional systems of water harvesting used in our region. 

2. Compare the Above System With the Probable Systems in Hilly/mountainous Areas or Plains or Plateau Regions. 

Ans. Crescent-shaped earthen embankments are the water harvesting structures in the plains. These are mainly low, straight, and concrete. Whereas in hilly regions, kulhs is used for water harvesting which is the system of canal irrigation. Here the rainwater gets collected in a stream, from where it is then diverted into man-made channels down the hillsides. 

3. Find Out the Source of Water in Your Region/locality. Is Water from This Source Available to All People Living in That Area? 

Ans. The source of water in our region is a river. Yes, water from this source (river) is available to all the people living in that area. 

1. What Changes Would You Suggest in Your Home to Be Environment-Friendly? 

Ans. Changes That Can be Undertaken in Our Homes to Be Environment-Friendly Are as Follows:

(i) When not in use the electrical appliances should be switched off. 

(ii) Turn the taps off while brushing or bathing and leaking taps should be repaired on time. 

(iii) The biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste should be thrown into separate bins. 

(iv) Composting pits should be constructed. 

(v) Food items such as jam, pickles, etc. that come packed in plastic bottles so these bottles should be used later for storage purposes.  

2. Can You Suggest Some Changes in Your School Which Would Make it Environment-Friendly? 

Ans. Following changes should be undertaken in our schools to make them environment friendly: 

(i) By switching off lights and fans when not required we can save electricity. 

(ii) Turn the water taps off when not in use. 

(iii) The biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes should be thrown into separate bins. 

3. We Saw in This Chapter That There are Four Main stakeholders when it comes to forests and wildlife. Which among these should have the authority to decide the management of forest produce? Why do you think so? 

Ans. The authority to decide the management of forest produces is with the forest department of the government. This is because the forest department is the caretaker of the forest land and is also responsible for any damage that occurs to the forest. 

4. How can you as an individual contribute or make a difference to the management of 

(a) Forests and Wildlife, 

(b) Water Resources and, 

(c) Coal and Petroleum? 

Ans. As an individual, I can contribute or make a difference in the management of forest and wildlife, water resources, and coal and petroleum in the following ways:

(a) Forest and Wildlife: 

(i) We should protest against the cutting of trees that is deforestation. 

(ii) The protest should be done against the poaching of wild animals. 

(iii) We should also stop the annexation of forest land for our use. 

(b) Water Resources: 

(i) Turn the taps off while brushing or bathing and repair leaking taps immediately. 

(ii) Harvesting through rainwater should be practiced. 

(iii) The discharge of sewage and other wastes into rivers and other water resources should be prohibited.

(c) Coal and Petroleum: 

(i) To avoid excessive use of petroleum we should take a bus or practice carpooling. 

(ii) Practice of using coal as a fuel should be stopped.  

(iii) Alternative sources of energy such as hydro-energy and solar energy should be used instead of depending largely on coal and petroleum. 

5. What Can You as an Individual Do to Reduce Your Consumption of the Various Natural Resources?

Ans. For the survival of human beings natural resources such as water, forests, coal, and petroleum, etc. are very much essential or important. As an individual how I am going to reduce the consumption of various natural resources are as follows: 

(i)We should stop the cutting of trees which is called deforestation. 

(ii) We should use recycled paper to reduce deforestation. 

(iii) Water should not be wasted. 

(iv) We should practice rainwater harvesting. 

(v) To avoid the excessive use of petroleum carpooling should be practiced. 

(vi) Alternative sources of energy such as hydro-energy and solar energy should be used. 

6. List Five Things You Have Done Over the Last One Week to − 

(a) Conserve Our Natural Resources 

(b) Increase the Pressure on Our Natural Resources 

Ans. Following is the list of activities I have done in the last week 

(a) To conserve our natural resources: 

(i) Travelled by CNG bus for long distances and walked for short distances. I have used a cycle also. 

(ii) Used recycled paper 

(iii) Thrown biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste into separate bins 

(iv) Planted trees and promoted afforestation 

(v) Used electricity and water judiciously. 

(vi) Adopted alternative sources of energy. 

(b) For increasing the pressure on our natural resources: 

(i) Use non-renewable resources of energy 

(ii) Wastewater 

(iii) Waste electricity 

(iv) Use of bags made of plastics and polythene for carrying goods 

(v) Use escalators 

7. Based on the Issues Raised in This Chapter, What Changes Would You Incorporate in Your Lifestyle in a Move Towards Sustainable Use of Our Resources? 

Ans. One should incorporate the following changes in their lifestyle in a move towards sustainable use of our resources: 

(a) Stop cutting trees and practice planting trees. 

(b) For carrying goods the use of plastic and polythene bags should be stopped. 

(c) Use recycled paper. 

(d) The biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste should be thrown into separate bins. 

(e) The minimum amount of water should be wasted while using and leaking taps should be repaired on time.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Students who are looking for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management of Natural Resources PDF can opt for Upcoming Exams and also You can Find the Solutions of All the Science Chapters below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science


NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Science Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources - Free PDF Download

NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 16 prepared by experts help students to understand the topic thoroughly. It is not only vital from the point of class 10 examination, but well understanding lays a greater foundation for future studies. Quite often, questions from the NCERT textbooks are also asked in competitive examinations. In NCERT solutions for class 10 science chapter 16 pdf, we have covered both intexts as well as exercise questions so that students can score good marks in their exams.


NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

In ch 16 science class 10, students will study some of the natural resources and their uses in daily life. Students will learn how natural resources like wildlife, coal, petroleum, forests, and water can be used sustainably.

Topics covered in chapter 16 science class 10 include pollution, Ganga Action Plan, Wildlife Conservation, dams, forests, sustainable development, and more. Chapter 16 educates students on how the pressure on the environment can be reduced by applying the 3R’s namely; Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Students will get to know how increasing populating and advancement in technology is polluting natural resources. The Ganga Action Plan is one of the acts initialized by the government towards the protection of the environment. Management of Natural Resources classes 10 NCERT solutions will help students to understand the need for caring for and managing the natural resources.

Sustainable management ensures the availability of natural resources today and tomorrow for future generations. With the different topics and content covered in this chapter, students will learn the importance of natural resources. Natural Resources class 10 NCERT solutions offer a chance to students to go through with different methods for conservation of wildlife, forests, and natural resources. The students will learn the benefits of water harvesting, advantages caused by the construction of large dams, and more. The solutions encourage students to focus on the issues and understand why there is a need to manage resources.


Class 10 Science Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources - Weightage Marks

Class 10 NCERT science chapter 16 solutions is a crucial aspect of practicing a greater number of questions after finishing different topics. It will help students to revise the topics thoroughly and get to know how much they are clear with concepts. In the annual examination, this unit holds a weightage of 7 marks. All the topics discussed in the ch 16 science class 10 NCERT solutions come with a thoughtful bucket of answers. The chapters are listed below:

Ex 16.1 - Why do we need to manage our resources?

Ex 16.2 - Forests and Wildlife.

Ex 16.3 - Water For All.

Ex 16.4 - Coal and Petroleum.

Ex 16.5 - An Overview of Natural Resources Management.


Benefits of Sustainable Management of Natural Resources Chapter 16 NCERT Solutions

Preparing for class 10 examinations requires a lot of commitment and practice as it is considered as the turning point of education. Students must have an overall understanding of individual topics discussed in chapter 16. NCERT solutions for class 10 science ch 16 play a significant role that let students know which topic requires more attention. Some of the benefits include:

  • After completing NCERT exercise questions, students can refer to the solutions of class 10. It will let them cross-check whether they have answered all the questions appropriately or not.

  • Natural Resources class 10 solutions work as a guide for students to prevent them from making the same mistakes again and again.

  • NCERT solutions help students to know the right technique to answer all the questions in the right format.

  • The answers in pdf are explained elaborately for all the NCERT exercise questions mentioned in the chapter.

  • Class 10 science chapter 16 solutions written by professional experts boost up the confidence level of students. It will help them to work on their weak points.


NCERT Solutions plays a crucial role in Class 10 exam prep. Start by thoroughly reading the textbook chapter. After that, solve the NCERT questions for Class 10 Chapter 16, Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources. You can find detailed solutions on Vedantu, aligning with CBSE guidelines. Download the free NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources to guide your exam preparation with expert-reviewed answers.

FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16 - Sustainable Management Of Natural Resources

1. What is the Requirement for Conserving Forests and Wildlife?

There are several reasons for conserving forests and wildlife, including the prevention of less found species from getting extinct. To preserve the biodiversity or range of various life- forms to avoid the loss of ecological stability. Forests and wildlife form the major portion of the food webs and food chain. It is necessary to preserve them for maintaining the ecological balance. With the forests and wildlife conservation, the water sources, and the quality of soil can be improved.

2. What Changes in Lifestyle can Contribute Towards Sustainable Use of our Resources?

To encourage the sustainable use of resources, one should use recycled paper, stop deforestation, and must promote afforestation. Instead of using vehicles for shorter distances that run on petrol, try to use bicycles. It is beneficial to put biodegradable and non-biodegradable wastes into separate dustbins. To recharge groundwater, one should practice rainwater harvesting. It is highly recommendable to stop using polythene and plastic bags for carrying goods.

3. What topics do I have to learn in Chapter 16 of Class 10 Science?

The topics that you have to learn in Chapter 16 Sustainable Management of Natural Resources of Class 10 Science are as follows-

  • Introduction to the chapter

  • Sustainable management of natural resources

  • Why do we need to manage our natural resources 

  • Forest and wildlife

  • Water for all

  • Coal and petroleum

  • An overview of Natural resource management

You can check out Vedantu website or the app to understand these topics more clearly. This website will provide you with sufficient content to help you out while understanding Chapter 16 of Class 10 Science easily. 

4. How can you become more environmentally friendly according to Chapter 16 of Class 10 Science? 

To become more environmentally friendly, you have to perform the following activities carefully;

  • Dispose of your waste including non-recycling and recycling parts separately. 

  • Switch off lights, computers, geysers, television and other electronic items when you leave home. 

  • Use electric appliances that save energy. 

  • Don’t use vehicles for covering short distances. 

  • Reuse and recycle plastic bottles, paper and glass, etc. 

  • Reuse water for cleaning purposes. 

  • After washing fruits, vegetables and other edible items, add that leftover water in plants or trees. 

5. What are the methods for conserving forests according to Chapter 16 of Class 10 Science? 

The methods of conserving forests are as follows-. 

  • The government should ban cutting trees except some selected trees to prevent deforestation. Deforestation leads to soil erosion thus the trees should be protected.

  • Forests should be prevented from fires. Forest fires are one of the main causes of destroying natural vegetation. 

  • Pesticides, weedicides and insecticides should be sprayed in forests at regular intervals of time to prevent them from insects and pests. 

  • Overgrazing must be avoided. 

  • Agricultural rules should be strictly followed. 

To know more, students can download the NCERT Solutions of Chapter 16 of Class 10 Science free of cost.

6. Compare the drinking water management system in hilly areas, plateaus and plains. 

In hilly areas-Kuhls were the common water management system in hilly areas. In this system, water is transported to the lower areas of the hills through man-made drains. In the regions of Meghalaya, the water is transported through bamboo drains. 

Plateaus-In plateau regions, diversions or check dams are created at the banks of the rivers. These dams are known as Bandharas. 

Plains-In plain areas like Gujrat and Rajasthan, Jhalaras were built to collect water. However, bawaries were also used to supply water in nearby villages. 

7. As an individual, how can you reduce the uptake of natural resources? 

As an individual, we can reduce the uptake of natural resources in the following ways. 

  • We must follow the rule of three R’s i.e. Reuse, Reduce and Recycle. 

  • You should reuse plastic bags to store things. 

  • Try not to waste food. Take food as per your requirement to prevent its wastage. 

  • You can store water in reusable bottles. 

  • If you want to travel long or short distances, then you can travel through public transport instead of using your vehicle. This will help you to save petrol. 

  • Use electricity efficient devices like solar heaters, solar cells to prevent energy loss.